Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live, the rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years. The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It covers an area of nearly 2.8million square miles, which is nearly the size of the continent of Australia.
Amazon River,the world’s second largest river, which runs directly through the heart of the region. The rainforest itself is simply the drainage basin for the river and its many tributaries.The vast forest itself consists of four layers, each featuring its own ecosystems and specially adapted plants and animals.
Over half of the Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil but it is also located in other South American countries including Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Bolivia, Suriname and French Guiana. 10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest.
Species found in Amazon Rainforest.: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest. 1,300 of the world’s bird species live in the Amazon rainforest. It is home to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40000 plant species. There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and a whopping 2.5 million different insects. Including electric eels, flesh eating piranhas, poison dart frogs, jaguars and some seriously venomous snakes. One fascinating fish found in the Amazon is the Pirarucu (arapaima or paiche). A menacing meat-eater, the pirarucu guzzles up other fish and can grow to nearly 3m long. It has teeth on the roof of its mouth and on its tongue. The topmost layer of the Amazon Rainforest. It is made up of the tops of trees thatcan grow to be 200 feet tall. The leaves are very small at this level and are covered in wax so they can hold water.
In 2007, a man named Martin Strel swam the entire length of the Amazon river! To complete his splashing jungle journey, Martin powered through the water for up to ten hours a day for 66 days.
Let us know the reality: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
Around 80% of the food we eat originally came from rainforests. Some of the more popular examples include coffee, chocolate, rice, tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, black pepper, pineapples and corn. At The Inside Track we basically live on coffee. That’s reason enough to save the rainforest. Tropical rainforests only cover about 6% of the Earth’s surface, little sunlight makes it through the dense canopy of trees and foliage covering the Amazon rainforest. Down on the ground, it is nearly completely dark. In fact, if it started raining, it would take ten minutes before you even got wet. Medicines we use today have their origins in the rainforests – and that’s after only about 1% of rainforest plants have been examined for their medicinal properties.
Most of the Amazon River’s water is from the glacial melt in the Peruvian Andes.The river has 16% of all of the world’s river water and empties 28 billion gallons into the Atlantic every minute. It has 1100 tributaries and its drainage basin is 2,722,000 square miles.
Temperature: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
The rainforest is very humid and has a larger temperature difference between day and night than between seasons. Its temperature is an average of 79˚F.
Soil & Floods of Amazon: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
99% of the soil’s nutrients are in the topsoil. The forest floor is porous and traps nutrients easily. The roots of trees and plants keep the nutrient-rich topsoil from washing away. The rainforest floods from June to October, as the snowmelt from the Peruvian Andes makes the water in the Amazon River rise 30-45 ft.
Now see the deadly species of amazon: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
Amazon rainforest is home to about 2,000 birds and mammals and here we will discover a few well known species currently living in the Amazon Rainforest.
Capybara Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
The Capybara is similar in appearance to cavies and guinea pigs. Barrel-shaped and covered in dark red and brown fur, adult capybaras stand around 2 feet tall
Giant Anteater: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
As their name implies, this variety of sloths loves to chow down on bugs, including ants. In fact, their tubular snouts and long tongues are especially well-suited for gorging upon insects practically wherever they may be.
Green Iguana: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
A favorite pet of many people around the world. The Green Iguana is sometimes simply referred to as the Common Iguana or just Iguana. Unlike many of their reptilian cousins, these lizards prefer to eat greens, fruits, forbs, and flowers instead of insects and other animals’ flesh. A large lizard, Green Iguanas may grow to almost 6 feet in length from head to tail.
Harpy Eagle: Amazon Rainforest: Dare to live
These beautiful raptors live across much of Central America in addition to the Amazonian jungles. Despite being skilled hunters and apex predators.
Golden Lion Tamarin
This bizarre animal is actually a monkey that derives its name from the great cats because of its impressive mane. It is comprised of abundance thick rings of beautiful golden hair surrounding its respectable and charismatic black face. The Golden Lion Tamarin can grow 6 to 10 inches long, while its tail can be even longer at 12 to 15 inches.
The world’s largest and heaviest, most powerful snake, and may be the most famed as well, the Anaconda can grow as long as 30 feet.
Peanut Head Bug
Flying snake, alligator bug, or snake cicada, among many other names, the peanut head bug is deemed a mysterious creation.
The skin of the glass frog is translucent though it is mostly lime green
Jesus Lizard for being able to run on water. Catholic explorers found it similar to the Gospel story of Jesus who walked on the waters of the Sea of Galilee. When fleeing from predators, it can literally run on the surface of water such as a pond or stream at a speed of 5 miles per hour, and for up to a distance of 20 meters.
Golden skin and a tail designed to grip branches. More commonly known as bear-monkey, honey bear or lion monkey,
The Sloth is known for being the slow animal. This mammal is lagging in everything, from its movement which entails sleeping for 10 hours a day to digest food.
Poison Dart Frog
The golden poison dart frog poison arrow frog is the most dangerous.
Amazon River Dolphin
Amazon river dolphin is pink in color and can grow even bigger than humans. Their distinct color is said to be due to their blood capillaries located near the surface of the skin.
Macaws are social birds usually seen traveling in flocks in sizes of 10 to 30 of them each, and are loyal to their lifelong mates.
The jaguar is the largest cat in the Americas, though it ranks third in the entire world, behind only the lion and tiger.