Birth Of Google- History & Story

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Birth Of Google- History & Story. The Google company was launched in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin to market Google Search, which has become the most widely used web-based search engine.




Birth Of Google- History & Story

Page and Brin, students at Stanford University in California, developed a search algorithm – at first known as “BackRub” – in 1996. The search engine soon proved successful and the expanding company moved several times, finally settling into Mountain View in 2003. This marked a phase of rapid growth, with the company making its initial public offering in 2004 and quickly becoming one of the world’s largest media companies. The company launched Google News in 2002, Gmail in 2004, Google Chrome in 2008, and the social network known as Google+ in 2011, in addition to many other products. In 2015, Google became the main subsidiary of the holding company




A search engine is a program that searches the Internet and finds web pages for the user based on the keywords that you submit. There are several parts to a search engine, such as for instance:

search engine software including boolean operators, search fields, display format, etc.

  • spider software.
  • a database.
  • algorithms that rank results for relevancy.

Birth Of Google- History & Story

They first tried to license their search engine technology but failed to find anyone that wanted their product at an early stage of development. Page and Brin then decided to keep Google in the meantime and seek more financing, improve the product and take it to the public themselves once they had a good product.

The search engine went through numerous updates in attempts to combat search engine optimization abuse, provide dynamic updating of results, and make the indexing system rapid and flexible. Search results started to be personalized in 2005, and later Google Suggest autocompletion was introduced. From 2007 Universal Search provided all types of content, not just text content, in search results.

Google has engaged in partnerships with NASA, AOL, Sun Microsystems, News Corporation, Sky UK and others. The company set up a charitable offshoot, Google.org, in 2005. Google was involved in a 2006 legal dispute in the US over a court order to disclose URLs and search strings and has been the subject of tax avoidance investigations in the UK.
Google began in 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, both Ph.D. students at Stanford University.

Birth Of Google- History & Story

 

In the search of a dissertation theme, Page had been considering—among other things—exploring the mathematical properties of the World Wide Web, understanding its link structure as a huge graph. His supervisor, Terry Winograd, encouraged him to pick this idea (which Page later recalled as “the best advice I ever got and Page focused on the problem of finding out which web pages link to a given page, based on the consideration that the number and nature of such backlinks was valuable information about that page (with the role of citations in academic publishing in mind).

Birth Of Google- History & Story

 

In his research project, nicknamed “BackRub”, Page was soon joined by Brin, who was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship.[5] Brin was already a close friend, whom Page had first met in the summer of 1995 when Page was part of a group of potential new students that Brin had volunteered to show around the campus. Both Brin and Page were working on the Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP). The SDLP’s goal was “to develop the enabling technologies for a single, integrated and universal digital library” and it was funded through the National Science Foundation, among other federal agencies.

Page’s web crawler began exploring the web in March 1996, with Page’s own Stanford home page serving as the only starting point. To convert the backlink data that it gathered for a given web page into a measure of importance, Brin and Page developed the PageRank algorithm. While analyzing BackRub’s output—which, for a given URL, consisted of a list of backlinks ranked by importance—the pair realized that a search engine based on PageRank would produce better results than existing techniques (existing search engines at the time essentially ranked results according to how many times the search term appeared on a page).

Birth Of Google- History & Story

 

Convinced that the pages with the most links to them from other highly relevant Web pages must be the most relevant pages associated with the search, Page and Brin tested their thesis as part of their studies and laid the foundation for their search engine.

Some Rough Statistics (from August 29th, 1996)




Total indexable HTML URLs: 75.2306 Million

Total content downloaded: 207.022 gigabytes

Birth Of Google- History & Story

 

A backrub is written in Java and Python and runs on several Sun Ultras and Intel Pentiums running Linux. The primary database is kept on a Sun Ultra II with 28GB of the disk. Scott Hassan and Alan Steremberg have provided a great deal of very talented implementation help. Sergey Brin has also been very involved and deserves many thanks.

The name “Google” originated from a misspelling of “googol”, which refers to the number represented by a 1 followed by one-hundred zeros. Page and Brin write in their original paper on PageRank: “We chose our systems name, Google, because it is a common spelling of googol, or 10100 and fits well with our goal of building very large-scale search engines.”

There are uses of the name going back at least as far as the creation of the comic strip character Barney Google in 1919. British children’s author Enid Blyton used the phrase “Google Bun” in The Magic Faraway Tree (published 1941) and The Folk of the Faraway Tree (published 1946), and called a clown character “Google” in Circus Days Again (published 1942). There is also the Googleplex Star Thinker from Douglas Adams’ The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. In March 1996 a business called Groove Track Productions applied for a United States trademark for “Google” for various products including several categories of clothing, stuffed toys, board games, and candy. The firm abandoned its application in July 1997.

Birth Of Google- History & Story

 

Having found its way increasingly into everyday language, the verb “google” was added to the Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary and the Oxford English Dictionary in 2006, meaning “to use the Google search engine to obtain information on the Internet. The use of the term itself reflects their mission to organize a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web. In November 2009, the Global Language Monitor named “Google” No. 7 on its Top Words of the Decade list.In December 2009 the BBC highlighted Google in their “Portrait of the Decade (Words)” series In May 2012, David Elliott filed a complaint against Google, Inc. claiming that Google’s once distinctive mark GOOGLE® has become generic and lacks trademark significance due to its common use as a transitive verb. After losing to Google in UDRP proceedings involving many “Google-related” domain name registrations that he owns, Elliott later sought a declaratory judgment that his domain names are rightfully his, that they do not infringe any trademark rights Google may own, and that all Google’s registered GOOGLE® marks should be cancelled since “Google” is now a common generic word worldwide that means to search the Internet.

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