Bollywood-History Of Hindi Cinema
1 year ago Sumit Gupta 0
Bollywood-History Of Hindi Cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai(formerly Bombay),
Maharashtra, India. Bollywood the term being a portmanteau of Bombay and Hollywood.
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Bollywood is a part of the larger cinema of India (also known as Indy wood), which includes other production centers producing films in other Indian languages.
Linguistically, Bollywood films tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu, or Hindustani, mutually intelligible to both Hindi and Urdu speakers, while modern Bollywood films also increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.
Indian cinema is the world’s largest film industry in terms of film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films as of 2017, and Bollywood is its largest film producer, with 364 Hindi films produced annually as of 2017.
Bollywood represents 43% of Indian net box office revenue, while Telugu and Tamil cinema represent 36%, and the rest of the regional cinema constitute 21%, as of 2014. Bollywood is thus one of the largest centers of film production in the world.
In terms of ticket sales, Bollywood sells an estimated 3.6 billion tickets annually across the globe, compared to Hollywood’s 2.6 billion tickets sold.
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The early 1920s saw the rise of several new production companies, and most films made during this era were either mythological or historical in nature. Imports from Hollywood, primarily action films, were well received by Indian audiences, and producers quickly began following suit.
However, filmed versions of episodes from classics such as The Ramayana and The Mahabharata still dominated throughout the decade.
1931 saw the release of Alam Ara, the first talkie, and the film that paved the way for the future of Indian cinema. The number of productions companies began to skyrocket, as did the number of films being produced each year—from 108 in 1927, to 328 in 1931.
Father of Indian Cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke released the first ever full-length feature film ‘Raja Harishchandra’ in 1913. The silent film was a commercial success.
Dadasaheb was not only the producer but was also the director, writer, cameraman, editor, make-up artist and art director.
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Raja Harischandra was the first-ever Indian film which was screened in London in 1914. Though Indian Cinema’s first mogul, Dadasaheb Phalke supervised and managed the production of twenty three films from 1913 to 1918, the initial growth of the Indian Film Industry was not as fast as that of Hollywood.
At the turn of the 21st century, the Indian film industry—of which Bollywood remained the largest component—was producing as many as 1,000 feature films annually in all of India’s major languages and in a variety of cities, and international audiences began to develop among South Asians in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Standard features of Bollywood films continued to be formulaic story lines, expertly choreographed fight scenes, spectacular song-and-dance routines, emotion-charged melodrama, and larger-than-life heroes.
World War II and Indian independence from Britain did nothing to slow down India’s film industry. The industry in India was fast becoming known as India’s obsession.
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Post independence Indian cinema gained a wide recognition. The creation of the Film and Television Institute of India, FT II, a national cinema awards show, and India’s first International Film Festival rocketed Bollywood to the world stage
Other history of note in the development of music in Bollywood films is the origins of music in drama and the style of Hindi film song. While there is no denying the large influence of Hollywood and other film industries, it is better to think of Bollywood as an intentional hybrid instead of a passive chameleon.
The first comprehensive history of India’s film industry, one that now rivals Hollywood.Hollywood may define our idea of movies but it is the city of Bombay on the west coast of India that is now the center of world cinema.
Every year the Indian film industry produces more than a 1,000 feature films, every day fourteen million Indians go to a movie and, a billion more people a year buy tickets for Indian movies than for Hollywood ones.
The rise of Bombay as the film capital of the world has been remarkable.