Kuwait-History, Economy, Religion, and Development, in this articles we will give you brief description about the most richest country that is Kuwait.
Kuwait-History, Economy, Religion, and Development.
The ancient civilizations of Sumer and Babylon originated in Mesopotamia near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now Iraq. Modern day Kuwait began in the eighteenth century as a small village on the Persian Gulf. Kuwait, the word for small human settlement, was so named by Iraqi rulers of that era.
Throughout the nineteenth century and up to World War I, Kuwait was a “Qadha,” a district within the Basra Province, and it was an integral part of Iraq under the administrative rule of the Ottoman Empire.
[the_ad id=”3389″]A small emirate nestled between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, Kuwait is situated in a section of one of the driest, least-hospitable deserts on earth. Its shore, however, includes Kuwait Bay, a deep harbor on the Persian Gulf.
There, in the 18th century, Bedouin from the interior founded a trading post—the name “Kuwait” is derived from the Arabic diminutive of the Hindustani kūt (“fort”). Since the emirate’s ruling family, the Al Ṣabaḥ, formally established a sheikhdom in 1756, the country’s fortunes have been linked to foreign commerce.
In time and with accumulated wealth, the small fort grew to become Kuwait city, a modern metropolis mingling skyscrapers, apartment buildings, and mosques. Kuwait city has most of the country’s population, which makes Kuwait one of the world’s most urbanized countries.
At the time of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, there was some speculation, in Western countries at least, as to why such an unprepossessing splinter of the desert should be worth the trouble. Of course, anyone watching the retreating Iraqi army, under skies black from burning wells, could find an easy answer: oil. But oil was only half of the story. Kuwait is not, nor has it ever been, simply a piece of oil-rich desert. Rather, it represents a vital (in all senses of the word) piece of coast that for centuries has provided settlement, trade and a strategic staging post.
The latter is a point not lost on US military forces, who until recently camped out on Failaka Island. A decade ago, the same island, at the mouth of Kuwait Bay, was occupied by the Iraqis. Roughly 2300 years before that, it was the turn of the ancient Greeks, attracted to one of only two natural harbors in the Gulf; and 2000 years earlier still, it belonged to the great Dilmun empire, based in Bahrain.
The country has a curious way of cleaning up history once the protagonists have departed, and just as there’s very little evidence of recent events without some determined (and ill-advised) unearthing, the same could be said of the rest of Kuwait’s 10, 000 years of history.
Over time, Kuwait’s main settlements shifted from island to mainland. In AD 500 the area around Ras Khazimah, near Al-Jahra, was the main center of population, and it took a further 1200 years for the center of activity to nudge along the bay to Kuwait City.
When looking at the view from the top of the Kuwait Towers, it’s hard to imagine that 350 years ago this enormous city was comprised of nothing more illustrious than a few Bedouin tents clustered around a storehouse-cum-fort. Like a tide, its population swelled in the intense summer heat as nomadic families drifted in from the bone-dry desert and then receded as the winter months stretched good grazing across the interior.
Permanent families living around the fort became able and prosperous traders. One such family, Al-Sabah, whose descendants now rule Kuwait, assumed responsibility for local law and order, and under their governance, the settlement grew quickly. By 1760, when the town’s first wall was built, the community had a distinctive character.
It was comprised of merchant traders, centered around a dhow and ocean-going boon fleet of 800 vessels, and a craft-oriented internal trade, arising from the camel caravans plying the route from Baghdad and Damascus to the interior of the Arabian Peninsula.
The tiny country, which was a British protectorate from 1899 until 1961, drew world attention in 1990 when Iraqi forces invaded and attempted to annex it.
A United Nations coalition led by the United States drove Iraq’s army out of Kuwait within days of launching an offensive in February 1991, but the retreating invaders looted the country and set fire to most of its oil wells (see Persian Gulf War).
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Kuwait has largely recovered from the effects of the war and again has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Its generally conservative government continues to provide generous material benefits for Kuwaiti citizens, and, though conservative elements in its society resisted such reforms as woman suffrage (women were not enfranchized until 2005), it has remained relatively stable.
It has been called an “oasis” of peace and safety amid an otherwise turbulent region.
According to the US Central Intelligence Agency, the total population of Kuwait is about 2.695 million, which includes 1.3 million non-nationals. Kuwait’s government, however, maintains that there are 3.9 million people in Kuwait, of whom 1.2 million are Kuwaiti.
Among the actual Kuwaiti citizens, approximately 90% are Arabs and 8% are of Persian (Iranian) descent. There are also a small number of Kuwaiti citizens whose ancestors came from India. Within the guest worker and expatriate communities, Indians make up the largest group at nearly 600,000. There are an estimated 260,000 workers from Egypt, and 250,000 from Pakistan.
Other foreign nationals in Kuwait include Syrians, Iranians, Palestinians, Turks, and smaller numbers of Americans and Europeans.
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Kuwait’s official language is Arabic. Many Kuwaitis speak the local dialect of Arabic, which is an amalgam of Mesopotamian Arabic of the southern Euphrates branch, and Peninsular Arabic, which is the variant most common on the Arabian Peninsula.
Kuwaiti Arabic also includes many loan words from Indian languages and from English. English is the most commonly used foreign language for business and commerce. Islam is the official religion of Kuwait.
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Approximately 85% of Kuwaitis are Muslim; of that number, 70% are Sunni and 30% are Shi’a, most of the Twelver school. Kuwait has tiny minorities of other religions among its citizens, as well.
There are about 400 Christian Kuwaitis, and about 20 Kuwaiti Baha’is. Among the guest workers and ex-pats, approximately 600,000 are Hindu, 450,000 are Christian, 100,000 are Buddhist, and about 10,000 are Sikhs.
The remainder is Muslims. Because they are People of the Book, Christians in Kuwait are allowed to build churches and keep a certain number of clergy, but proselytizing is forbidden. Hindus, Sikhs, and Buddhists are not allowed to build temples or gurdwaras.