USA- Most Powerful Nation Around The World
4 weeks ago Sumit Gupta 0
USA- Most Powerful Nation Around The World, it is the fourth-largest in area and third-largest in population. Countries with greater area than the U.S., such as Russia, have way too much unusable land.
USA- Most Powerful Nation Around The World
There was no reason that North America’s borders had to become what they are. A key moment in how that happened came with the French and Indian War, at the time just a sideshow in the larger Seven Years’ War in Europe. The war ended with France giving up its vast territory on the continent to Britain and Spain. Napoleon would seize back Louisiana and sell it to the US in 1803, but New France was lost forever.
With the Spanish Empire already declining, the continent was left open to conquest from the British Empire and its successor, the United States. “The USA is already unchallenged in terms of military power. A further increase in its defense budget hardly seems necessary, when there’s room to redistribute resources from old-fashioned heavy divisions into special forces and new technology.
There’s a danger that such overwhelming emphasis on military power will lead US policymakers to forget that persuasion is more effective than coercion. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2) and with over 325 million people, the United States is the world’s third- or fourth-largest country by total area and the third-most populous country as well as the largest Christian-majority country.
The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital’s federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west.
The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world’s 17 mega diverse countries. The US can go to war on its own; but to maintain a peaceful world order it needs friends and allies.
The current unilateralism mood in Washington is a tragic retreat from the enlightened self-interest which led previous US Administrations to build multilateral institutions to underpin an open international order”. The two countries bigger than the U.S. in population, India and China, are still climbing up from the colossal destruction faced in the 19th and 20th centuries and also face severe resource constraints.
The invention of the transistor in the 1950s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics, led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the U.S. technology industry. This, in turn, led to the establishment of many new technology companies and regions around the country such as Silicon Valley in California.
Advancements by American microprocessor companies such as Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), and Intel along with both computer software and hardware companies that include Adobe Systems, Apple Inc., IBM, Microsoft, and Sun Micro systems created and popularized the personal computer.
The ARPANET was developed in the 1960s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet Russia has still not settled in terms of governance. Bordered by the Pacific in the west and the Atlantic in the east, any major invasion of the continental United States would require an enemy to control the oceans.
Without naval dominance in at least one of the oceans, transporting and supplying an attacking army would be impossible. To prevent an amphibious invasion, America has adopted an offensive strategy of absolute naval dominance in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and have invested heavily in their military. With a massive annual military budget of $700 billion, the United States has achieved global control over the oceans.
The military budget of the United States in 2011 was more than $700 billion, 41% of global military spending and equal to the next 14 largest national military expenditures combined. At 4.7% of GDP, the rate was the second-highest among the top 15 military spenders, after Saudi Arabia. U.S. defense spending as a percentage of GDP ranked 23rd globally in 2012 according to the CIA.
Defense’s share of U.S. spending has generally declined in recent decades, from Cold War peaks of 14.2% of GDP in 1953 and 69.5% of federal outlays in 1954 to 4.7% of GDP and 18.8% of federal outlays in 2011. The United States is the largest importer of goods and second-largest exporter, though exports per ca pita are relatively low.
In 2010, the total U.S. trade deficit was $635 billion. Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany are its top trading partners. In 2010, oil was the largest import commodity, while transportation equipment was the country’s largest export. Japan is the largest foreign holder of U.S. public debt. The largest holder of the U.S. debt are American entities, including federal government accounts and the Federal Reserve, who hold the majority of the debt
US global military presence.
The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2012, $553 billion, was a 4.2% increase over 2011; an additional $118 billion was proposed for the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. The last American troops serving in Iraq departed in December 2011; 4,484 service members were killed during the Iraq War. Approximately 90,000 U.S. troops were serving in Afghanistan in April 2012; by November 8, 2013 2,285 had been killed during the War in Afghanistan.
The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the mid-20th century. Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the U.S. War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century.
This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U.S. to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system called mass production.
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone. Thomas Edison’s research laboratory, one of the first of its kind, developed the phonograph, the first long-lasting light bulb, and the first viable movie camera. The latter led to emergence of the worldwide entertainment industry.
In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line. The Wright brothers, in 1903, made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. The rise of Fascism and Nazism in the 1920s and 1930s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and John von Neumann, to immigrate to the United States.
During World War II, the Manhattan Project developed nuclear weapons, ushering in the Atomic Age, while the Space Race produced rapid advances in rocketry, materials science, and aeronautics.
These advancements then lead to greater personalization of technology for individual use. As of 2013, 83.8% of American households owned at least one computer, and 73.3% had high-speed Internet service. 91% of Americans also own a mobile phone as of May 2013. The United States ranks highly with regard to freedom of use of the internet.
The United States surpassed the traditional naval power, the United Kingdom, during World War II when they acquired strategic naval bases throughout the Pacific, Atlantic, and Caribbean from the British themselves. Facing starvation under a violent submarine blockade, the British fleet was desperate for ships to fight against the Germans.
The Americans were quick to capitalize. By transferring 50 American destroyers to the beleaguered British fleet in exchange for key British naval bases under the lend-lease act, the United States navy gained numerous footholds in extremely strategic positions worldwide.
Through investment and dedication, the United States has built a modernized, well-trained navy which has become the preeminent naval force in the world. At the core of the American fleet are its aircraft carriers, each possessing more firepower than many small countries entire militarizes. The strategic positioning of these aircraft carriers worldwide gives the United States extensive military power projection.
The United states currently has 12 aircraft carriers deployed worldwide and each carrier is supported by two destroyers and often multiple submarines, totaling over 7,500 personnel. Brazil and Canada have too few people Russia and China, the next two countries perceived to be the most powerful, are among the world’s top four military spenders.
In fact, the gap between the U.S. and Russia for the top spot in power narrowed from 2017 as the two countries had nearly identical scores from respondents. Following the top three are Germany, U.K., France and Japan – countries that have large economies and give out high numbers of international aid. Israel and Saudi Arabia, who take eighth and ninth spots, respectively, spend a higher percentage of their GDP on military spending than the U.S.. That leaves the U.S. in a nice sweet spot.
The chapter on the Navy is a case in point. The report notes, for instance, that “the Navy is unusual relative to the other services in that its capacity requirements must meet two separate objectives.” The first of these is to maintain a forward presence around the world during peacetime.
The second, of course, is to fight and win wars. “An accurate assessment of Navy capacity,” the report states, “takes into account both sets of requirement” when assessing the size and structure of the Navy.