USA- Tourism History, tourism in the United States is a large industry that serves millions of international and domestic tourists yearly.
USA- Tourism History
Tourists visit the US to see natural wonders, cities, historic landmarks, and entertainment venues. Americans seek similar attractions, as well as recreation and vacation areas.
Tourism in the United States grew rapidly in the form of urban tourism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. By the 1850s, tourism in the United States was well established both as a cultural activity and as an industry.
New York, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, all major US cities, attracted a large number of tourists by the 1890 s. By 1915, city touring had marked significant shifts in the way Americans perceived, organized, and moved.
Democratization of travel occurred during the early twentieth century when the automobile revolutionized travel. Similarly air travel revolutionized travel during 1945–1969, contributing greatly to tourism in the United States. Purchases of travel and tourism-related goods and services by international visitors traveling in the United States totaled $10.9 billion during February 2013.[the_ad_placement id=”aa12″]
Washington D.C., the capital city, houses three most important buildings, the Capitol, White House and Supreme Court. While, New York is the influential center for finance, fashion, culture and arts. Home to Time Square, Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building and other iconic buildings, New York is a fast-paced city. San Francisco is known for its beautiful landscape, foggy locales, cable cars, and vibrant Victorian houses.
Today, there exists a wide range of tourist attractions in the United States such as amusement parks, festivals, gambling, golf courses, historical buildings and landmarks, hotels, museums, galleries, outdoor recreation, spas, restaurants and sports.
Number of non-immigrant admissions for tourist and business purposes into the United States in fiscal year 2015
Highest number of non-immigrant admissions for tourists and for business purposes into the United States in fiscal year 2014 and 2015 was from the following countries (listed over 700,000 admissions).
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San Jose, the technology hub of the U.S. is also known for its architectural landmarks. Las Vegas, a city in Nevada, is famed for its buzzing nightlife, hotels, casinos, iconic dancing fountains and endless entertainment options. USA holds many more man-made splendors as The Golden Gate Bridge, Walt Disney World, Magic Kingdom, Disneyland, Islands of Adventure and Universal Studios Hollywood that draw millions of tourists from all over the world.
And a description of the USA is incomplete without mentioning its natural splendors as Yellowstone Park, The Glacier National Park, and The Grand Canyon to name a few.
White House in Washington D.C.
The White House in Washington DC is the official residence and office of the President of the United States. It was built between 1792 and 1800 and first used by President John Adams. After the 9/11 attacks it has become more difficult to visit the White House and today tours are available only for groups of 10 or more and must be requested up to six months in advance through your member of Congress or your country’s US Ambassador.
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Midtown Manhattan. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 60 million.
New York City receives over 60 million foreign and American tourists each year. Major destinations include the Empire State Building, Ellis Island, the Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island, Broadway theater productions, Central Park, Times Square, Coney Island, the Financial District, museums, sports stadiums, luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues, and events such as the Tribe ca Film Festival, and free performances in Central Park at Summer stage and Delacorte Theater.
Many New York City ethnic enclaves, such as Jackson Heights, Flushing, and Brighton Beach are major shopping destinations for first and second generation Americans up and down the East Coast.
New York City has over 28,000 acres (110 km2) of parkland and 14 linear miles (22 km) of public beaches.
Manhattan’s Central Park, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, is the most visited city park in the United States.
Prospect Park in Brooklyn, also designed by Olmsted and V aux, has a 90-acre meadow. Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens, the city’s third largest, was the setting for the 1939 World’s Fair and 1964 World’s Fair.
swimming under waterfalls, hiking through craters and luxuriating on white-, red- and even black-sand beaches sounds like paradise, then Maui awaits. Maui is the place to surf and windsurf. Or hop a catamaran to scuba and snorkel on Molokini Island, a crater emerging from the sea that hosts a wealth of marine life. Golf, fine dining, a winery, museums and sipping a Mai Tai on the beach round out the perfect tropical holiday.
Las Vegas[the_ad_placement id=”ccc”]
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Las Vegas is the most exciting and entertaining city in the world. Nowhere else can you find a city that has all the travel amenities that only a complete resort destination can offer: luxurious casino hotels, fine dining, wonderful live entertainment and state-of-the art convention and trade show facilities. Las Vegas is a spectacular city, incomparable to any other. Everything that you would expect from a world-class metropolis, and more, is right here for your travel pleasure.
Iconic Diamond Head on Oahu, the most populated Hawaiian island. Follow in the footsteps of surfing forefather Duke Kahanamoku on Waikiki Beach, visit the royal quarters of Iolani Palace and tour Pearl Harbor. Sample hot malasadas (local doughnuts) and shaved ice while shopping for vintage floral-print shirts on Honolulu’s Kapahulu Avenue.
Orlando, a city in central Florida, is home to more than a dozen theme parks. Chief among its claims to fame is Walt Disney World, comprised of parks like the Magic Kingdom and Epcot, as well as water parks. Another major destination, Universal Orlando, offers Universal Studios and Islands of Adventure, with the Wizarding World of Harry Potter straddling both, early beginnings of commercial aviation in the US.
During the first four decades of the twentieth century, long-haul journeys between large American cities were accomplished using trains. By the 1950s, air travel was part of everyday life for many Americans.
The tourism industry in the US experienced exponential growth as tourists could travel almost anywhere with a fast, reliable and routine system.
For some, a vacation in Hawaii was now a more frequent pleasure. Air travel changed everything from family vacations to Major League Baseball, as had steam-powered trains in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
By the end of the twentieth century, tourism had significantly grown throughout the world. The World Tourism Organisation (WTO, 1998) recorded that, in 1950, arrivals of tourists from abroad, excluding same-day visits, numbered about 25.2 million.
By 1997, the figure was 612.8 million. In 1950 receipts from international movements were US$2.1 billion, in 1997 they were $443.7 billion.
Denali National Park[the_ad_placement id=”ccc”]
The Denali National Park and Preserve is located in Interior Alaska and contains Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in North America.
The Florida Keys are a 120 mile long chain of tropical islands curving around the base of the Florida peninsula, connected to the mainland by a series of bridges. The most spectacular bridge, the Seven Mile Bridge in the Lower Keys.
Situated between the state of New York and the province of Ontario, Niagara Falls is one of the most spectacular natural wonders on the North American continent. Niagara Falls is actually three different falls, the American Falls, Bridal Veil Falls and Horseshoe Falls.
21st century’s Tourism in USA
The travel and tourism industry in the United States was among the first commercial casualties of the September 11 attacks, a series of terrorist attacks on the US. Terrorists used four commercial airliners as weapons of destruction, all of which were destroyed in the attacks with 3,000 casualties.
In the first full week after flights resumed, passenger numbers fell by nearly 45 percent, from 9 million in the week before September 11 to 5 million. Hotels and travel agencies received cancellations across the world. The hotel industry suffered an estimated $700 million loss in revenue during the four days following the attacks.
The situation recovered over the fol[the_ad_placement id=”f”]lowing months as the Federal Reserve kept the financial system afloat. The U.S. Congress issued a $5 billion grant to the nation’s airlines and $10 billion in loan guarantees to keep them flying.
The U.S. is a melting pot where people from the different ethnic backgrounds and national origins exist. The most significant cultural aspect of this country is that it recognizes its people not by their ethnicity but by their citizenship and allegiance. The culture of this country embraces all the elements be it conservative or liberal, and gives the rights of free expression, individualism and egalitarianism.
In the US, tourism is either the first, second or third largest employer in 29 states, employing 7.3 million in 2004, to take care of 1.19 billion trips tourists took in the US in 2005.
The US outbound holiday market is sensitive in the short term, but possibly one of the most surprising results from the September 11, 2001 attacks was that by February 2002 it had bounced back. This quick revival was generally quicker than many commentators had predicted only five months earlier.
The United States economy began to slow significantly in 2007, mostly because of a real-estate slump, gas prices and related financial problems.
Many economists believe that the economy entered a recession at the end of 2007 or early in 2008.
Some state budgets for tourism marketing have decreased, such as Connecticut which is facing soaring gas prices.
100 million tourists visited Florida in 2015, a record for the nation.
After the election of Donald Trump, whose campaign slogan of “America First” and implementation of travel bans have projected an isolationist posture, the United States experienced a drop of 3.3 percent in travel spending from international tourists during 2017. According to the US Travel Association, this costs $4.6 billion and 40,000 jobs.
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